Wind turbines convert kinetic energy in the wind into electrical energy. Aerofoil shaped blades create a differential pressure from the wind flowing over them, resulting in a lift force that causes motion. This motion is used to drive a wind turbine generator and generate electricity. These aerofoil blades have the same physical properties that are harnessed to cause an aircraft or helicopter to fly, where the ‘wind’ is caused by engines pushing the wings/blades at speed.
With the most significant wind resource in Europe, the UK is ideally placed to increase distributed renewable energy generation through the deployment of small, medium and large scale wind turbines.